Scope 2 emissions / Indirect emissions (GHG protocol)
Scope 2 emissions refer to indirect greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that result from the generation of purchased electricity, heat, or steam consumed by a company. These emissions are considered indirect because they occur offsite, at the location where the electricity, heat, or steam is generated, but are associated with the company’s operations. Scope 2 emissions are categorised as part of a company’s overall carbon footprint and are typically reported separately from scope 1 emissions, which are direct emissions from the company’s own activities. Scope 2 emissions are often reported using internationally recognised standards, such as the GHG Protocol, to ensure consistency and comparability across different companies and industries. Monitoring, measuring, and reducing scope 2 emissions are essential for companies seeking to manage and mitigate their environmental impacts and contribute to global efforts to address climate change.