Decarbonisation refers to reducing or eliminating carbon emissions generated by human activities to mitigate climate change. It involves implementing measures and strategies to remove or reduce carbon emissions from the actions of organisations or individuals. Decarbonisation efforts encompass various sectors, such as energy, transportation, industry, buildings, agriculture, etc.
Decarbonisation differs from climate neutrality because it focuses on reducing absolute carbon emissions and intensity rather than solely relying on carbon credits. Climate neutrality may be achieved by offsetting emissions by purchasing carbon credits without necessarily addressing the root causes of carbon emissions. In contrast, decarbonisation aims to directly reduce or eliminate carbon emissions through a range of measures, such as transitioning to renewable energy sources, improving energy efficiency, adopting low-carbon technologies, changing production processes, promoting sustainable practices, and more.
Decarbonisation is crucial in combating climate change and achieving long-term sustainability goals. It involves systemic changes at various levels, including policy, technology, behaviour, and infrastructure, to transition towards a low-carbon and climate-resilient future. Decarbonisation is a critical component of global efforts to mitigate the impacts of climate change.