Climate change or global warming
As per the United Nations, climate change refers to long-term temperature and weather patterns shifts. While some of these shifts may occur naturally, since 1800, human activities have become the primary driver of climate change, mainly due to burning fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and gas. These activities release greenhouse gases into the atmosphere and oceans, surpassing the capacity of natural cycles to cope. As a result, it leads to rapid shifts and changes in both local and global climates. The consequences of climate change extend beyond just warmer temperatures. Examples of its effects include intense droughts, water scarcity, severe fires, flooding, storms, and a decline in biodiversity. It is important to note that climate change has far-reaching impacts beyond temperature changes, affecting various aspects of our environment and ecosystems.