Carbon sequestration refers to capturing and storing carbon dioxide (CO₂) from the atmosphere or other sources to reduce its concentration in the atmosphere and mitigate climate change. It is a critical strategy for addressing the increasing levels of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere contributing to global warming. There are various natural and artificial methods of carbon sequestration. Natural methods include the uptake and storage of carbon by forests, soils, and oceans through photosynthesis, soil organic matter accumulation, and oceanic absorption. Artificial methods involve capturing and storing carbon from industrial processes, such as carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies that capture CO₂ emissions from power plants or other industrial sources and store them underground or in other long-term storage methods. Carbon sequestration has gained significant attention as a climate change mitigation strategy, as it has the potential to help reduce the concentration of CO₂ in the atmosphere and slow down global warming. However, it raises concerns about potential environmental impacts, costs, and long-term effectiveness. Therefore, proper monitoring, verification, and management are crucial to ensure the effectiveness and sustainability of carbon sequestration efforts.